Accelerating the Soil Restoration Using Prokaryotic Soil Microalgae to Prevent from Dust Emissions
Lababpour A1* (PhD)
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering,
Shohadaye Hoveize University of Technology, Dasht Azadeghan, Iran
Received: 27 Feb 2016, Accepted: 25 May 2016
Introduction: Reduction and control of harmful and disease-related factors of the dust emissions e.g. as Titanium and Magnesium is one of the important aims of the public health system. This was conducted to determine the soil prokaryotic photosynthetic microalgae of Asaluye semi-arid areas, and its possibility to be used in dust emission reduction.
Methods: Microalga Microcoleus was isolated and separated form surface soil of Asaluye area, and the morphology characteristics and standard codes of soil cyanobacteria were used to recognize them. The cells were cultivated in the Jourdan culture medium, and the cell suspensions were spread on the soil surface and soil stability was assessed foe a month. The effect of cell inoculum on the soil stability was assessed using image processing method.
Results: In the beginning of the experiment, there was no biological soil crust on the soil surface; however, it was constructed during cultivation period. The constructed crust was composed of complex Microcoleus sheath contain trichomes on the soil surfaces compared to the control group. Construction of surface soil biological cover and the trichomes of this prokariotic microalga, caused to the soil resistance against erosive parameters such as wind blowing to be improved.
Conclusion: It is possible to combat to dust emissions through stabilization of arid and semi-arid soil land in the country with improvement of biological soil crust. Presence of local Microcoleus species in the semi-arid area of Asaluye and other similar areas of the world, indicating the potential effect of cyanobacteria Microcoleus on soil stabilization, as well as dust storm reduction in the country.
Key words: Dust storm, Soil restoration, Environmental sustainability, Human health
Please cite this article as follows:
Lababpour A. Accelerating the Soil Restoration Using Prokaryotic Soil Microalgae to Prevent from Dust Emissions. Hakim Health Sys Res 2016; 19(2): 111- 117.
*Corresponding Author: Faculty of Engineering, Shohadaye Hoveize University of Technology, Dasht Azadeghan, Iran. Postal code: 64418-78986. Tel: +98- 61- 36751021, Fax: +98- 61- 36751020. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org