Zeinab Heidari1, Mahrokh Keshvari2, Shahnaz Kohan3*
1PhD of Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
2Assistant Professor, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
3Associate Professor of Midwifery and Reproductive Department, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School
of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
Introduction: Empowering females is one of the developmental goals of the millennium and a factor
to achieve global welfare. Empowerment in breast-feeding plays a key role in promoting breastfeeding, and identifying its factors can be helpful for its improvement. The current study aimed at exploring empowerment in breastfeeding.
Methods: The current study employed the qualitative approach and content analysis; 39 subjects (18 mothers, 5 key family members, and 16 breastfeeding consultants) participated in 33 individual interviews and 2 focus group. At the same time, the data were collected and analyzed using the Hiseh and Shannon method.
Results: Analysis of data led to the emergence of 3 main categories as health system factors, family and personal factors, and social and cultural factors that indicated the factors of empowerment of breastfeeding from the participants’ perspective.
Conclusion: According to the viewpoint of participants, providing breastfeeding services in hospitals, breastfeeding counseling in health centers, and conflicting advice and information of health systems about breastfeeding are the key factors in the empowerment of breastfeeding. Also, mothers` efficacy in breastfeeding and families` help and supports in this regard play an important role in strengthening breastfeeding. In addition, positive cultural belief about the breastfeeding and educating and informing society facilitate the empowerment in breastfeeding continuity. It is recommended to improve breastfeeding and consider the comprehensive program of empowerment in this regard.
Keywords: Empowerment; Breastfeeding; Qualitative Study
Please cite this article as follows:
Heidari Z, Keshvari M, Kohan Sh. Exploring the Facilitateing and Preventing Factors in Breastfeeding: A Qualitative Study. Hakim Health Sys Res 2016; 19(3): 170 – 178
* Corresponding Author: Midwifery and Reproductive Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Hezar Jerib Avenue, Isfahan, Iran.Tel: +98- 31- 37927532. Fax: +98-31-36699398. E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org