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Hakim Health Sys Res 2017, 19(4): 218-227 Back to browse issues page
A Comparative Study on the Viewpoints of the Public and Private Sectors Physicians and Pharmacists About Irrational Drug Use and Prescription in Isfahan, Iran
Abstract:   (47 Views)
A Comparative Study on the Viewpoints of the Public and Private Sectors Physicians and
Pharmacists About Irrational Drug Use and Prescription in Isfahan, Iran
Donya Rezaee (MSc)1, Mahdieh Raeeszadeh (PhD)2∗, Sayed Abolfazl Mostafavi (PhD)3
1 MSc of drug quality assurance, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Islamic Azad Univercity, shahreza, Iran
2Department of Basic Sciences, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran
3 School of pharmacy and pharmaceutical sciences and Isfahan pharmaceutical sciences research center, Isfahan university of medical science, Isfahan, Iran
Abstract

Introduction: Due to the fact that pharmacists and physicians are the 2 key groups that configure the treatment procedure and play an important role in the management and rational use of medicine, the current study aimed at comparatively investigating the public and private sectors physicians and pharmacists about irrational drug use and prescription in Isfahan, Iran.
Methods: In the current descriptive-analytical study,351 physicians and 269 pharmacists were randomly selected. A questionnaire including 6 demographic and 46 specific questions was analyzed based on the content validity and reliability indices using the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. A 5-point Likert scale was used to score the items. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the one-sample t test, analysis of variance (ANOVA), and the Friedman test with SPSS version 21.
Results: Based on the results obtained from the study, the factors influencing physicians and pharmacists, and irrational use and prescription of medicines were generally the same. The most important factors that shape the viewpoints of physicians and pharmacists on prescription and rational use of medicine can be the effective monitoring of the performance of physicians and pharmacists, their cooperation, paying attention to the reduction of unnecessary costs in the health sector, participation of these 2 groups in health planning, improving the quality of medical services, and promotion of rational drug use. There was no significant difference between the average factors about the viewpoints of the physicians (3.75 ± 0.139) and those of the pharmacists (3.69 ± 0.155) regarding the irrational prescription and use of medicines (P=0.35).
Conclusion: The physicians and pharmacists` performance monitoring and improvement through intergroup cooperation should be considered.

Keywords: Irrational Drug Use; Physician; Pharmacist
 
Please cite this article as follows:
Rezaee D, Raeeszadeh M , Mostafavi A. A Comparative Study on the Viewpoints of the Public and Private Sectors Physicians and Pharmacists About Irrational Drug Use and Prescription in Isfahan, Iran. Hakim Health Sys Res 2017; 19(4): 218-227

*Corresponding Author: Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran Tel: +98-09123474457- Email: vet_mr@yahoo.com
Keywords: Irrational Drug Use, Physician, Pharmacist
Full-Text [PDF 487 kb]   (26 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: General
Received: 2017/12/31 | Accepted: 2017/12/31 | Published: 2017/12/31
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A Comparative Study on the Viewpoints of the Public and Private Sectors Physicians and Pharmacists About Irrational Drug Use and Prescription in Isfahan, Iran. Hakim Health Sys Res . 2017; 19 (4) :218-227
URL: http://hakim.hbi.ir/article-1-1754-en.html
Volume 19, Issue 4 (1-2017) Back to browse issues page
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