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Hakim Health Sys Res 2018, 20(4): 251-259 Back to browse issues page
بررسی نقش آلاینده‌های صنعتی هوا در فراوانی سقط جنین غیرعمدی، مقایسه‌ی شهرستان اراک و تفرش
Maryam Abbasi , Farideh Khalajabadi Farahani *
, faridehfarahani2@gmail.com، farideh.farahani@psri.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1352 Views)
Assessing the Role of Industrial Air Pollution in the Prevalence of Spontaneous Abortion, A Comparison of Arak and Tafresh
 
Maryam Abbasi (MSc)1, Farideh Khalajabadi Farahani (PhD)2*

1Master of Demography, Faculty of Social Sciences of Allameh Tabatabai
2Associate Professor, National Institute of Population Research, Adjunct Investigator of Research Centre for
Sexual and Reproductive Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Science
 
Abstract

 
Introduction: Due to high prevalence of spontaneous abortion in the Markazi province compared to other neighboring provinces and inappropriate establishment of industries and air pollution in the city of Arak, this study was conducted with the aim of assessing the role of industrial air pollution on spontaneous abortion over the 5 preceding years.

Methods: The city of Arak, with polluted air, was considered as the case and Tafresh with clean air was considered as control. The prevalence of having spontaneous abortion over the past 5 years among 400 women aged 15 - 49 years attended to prenatal care clinics was compared between Arak and Tafresh over the first half of the year 1394 (2015) and the role of exposure to air pollution (residing in Arak versus Tafresh) in abortion was assessed after the control of other factors.

Results:The prevalence of spontaneous abortion over the last 5 years was 23.5% in the whole sample. This rate was significantly greater in Arak than the corresponding rate among women who resided in Tafresh (35% vs. 12%, P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that after controlling age, economic status, and history of chronic diseases, living in Arak compared to living in Tafresh increased the odds ratio of spontaneous abortion approximately 4 times (OR = 4.19, P < 0.001).

Conclusions: These results are indicative of the importance of environmental pollutants and their changes including air pollution with population, fertility trends, which require special attention, and appropriate interventions.

Keywords: Air pollution; Miscarriage; Demography; Fertility; Arak
 
Please cite this article as follows:
Abbasi M, Khalajabadi Farahani F. Assessing the Role of Industrial Air Pollution in the Prevalence of Spontaneous Abortion, A Comparison of Arak and Tafresh. Hakim Health Sys Res 2018; 20(4): 251- 259.

*Corresponding Author: No. 5, 2nd St., Pakistan St., Shahid Beheshti Ave., Tehran, Iran. Tel: +98-21-885065631, Fax: +98-21885065631,
E-mail: Faridehfarahani2@gmail.com, farideh.farahani@psri.ac.ir
 
Full-Text [PDF 468 kb]   (297 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: General
Received: 2018/03/14 | Accepted: 2018/03/14 | Published: 2018/03/14
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Maryam Abbasi, Farideh Khalajabadi Farahani. بررسی نقش آلاینده‌های صنعتی هوا در فراوانی سقط جنین غیرعمدی، مقایسه‌ی شهرستان اراک و تفرش. Hakim Health Sys Res . 2018; 20 (4) :251-259
URL: http://hakim.hbi.ir/article-1-1805-en.html


Volume 20, Issue 4 (1-2018) Back to browse issues page
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