:: Volume 21, Issue 3 (10-2018) ::
Hakim Health Sys Res 2018, 21(3): 200-210 Back to browse issues page
Assessing health-related consequences of land mine explosions in Kurdistan province during the last 37 years: 1980-2017
Soraia Fathollahi, Farin Fatemi, Ali Ardalan, Farzam Bidarpoor, Nader Esmailnasab, Arezoo Yari
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran , a_yari@razi.tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1468 Views)
Assessing Health-Related Consequences of Landmine Explosions in Kurdistan Province During the Last 37 Years: 1980 - 2017

Soraya Fathollahi 1, Farin Fatemi 2, Ali Ardalan 1, 3, Farzam Bidarpoor 4, 5, Nader Esmailnasab 4, Arezoo Yari 1, 4*
1Department of Disaster and Emergency Health, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
3Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, Harvard University, Cambridge, USA
4Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
5Deputy of Health, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran

Abstract

Background: The massive un-exploded landmines in Iran every year take many victims among the citizens of the landmine areas. The aim of this study was to investigate the health-related consequences of landmine explosions in Kurdistan province.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016 - 2017. An active sampling approach was carried out in urban and rural areas of Kurdistan province. Data were collected by a researcher-made questionnaire. Reliability and validity of the questionnaire were calculated. Overall, 410 cases were recruited. Data analysis was performed using SPSS V. 22 software.
Results: 32.4% of the victims were immediately killed after landmine explosions and 67.6% of the survivors were living with injuries and various disabilities. The most prevalent injury was the amputation of at least one upper or lower limb with the rate of 63.5%. The prevalence rates of complete blindness and deafness were 9.8% and 1.5%, respectively.
Conclusions: In order to prevent and mitigate the consequences, it is recommended to detect, enclose, and clear the landmine contaminated areas and implement educational programs for people and communities at risk of landmine explosions. It is also necessary for provincial planners and policymakers to implement rehabilitation and treatment programs for landmine survivors in Kurdistan.
Keywords: Landmine; Explosion; Health Impacts; Kurdistan

Please cite this article as follows:
Fathollahi S, Fatemi F, Ardalan A, Bidarpoor F, Esmaeilnasab N.Yari Arezoo Assessing health-related consequences of land mine explosions in Kurdistan province during the last 37 years: 1980-2017. Hakim Health Sys Res 2018; 21(3): 200- 210.

*Corresponding Author: Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran. Phone Number:00988731827362. E-Mails: a_yari@razi.tums.ac.ir
 
Keywords: Mine, explosion, health outcomes, Kurdistan
Full-Text [PDF 429 kb]   (274 Downloads)    
Type of Study: History | Subject: General
Received: 2018/03/27 | Accepted: 2019/03/4 | Published: 2019/03/4


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Volume 21, Issue 3 (10-2018) Back to browse issues page