[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Volume 13, Issue 4 (1-2011) ::
Hakim Health Sys Res 2011, 13(4): 234-240 Back to browse issues page
The Role of Residential Area in House Safety in Mashhad Urban Area in 2009
Saeidi Nejat SH , Okhravi N, Chahipour M, Ghonche H, Fathalizade S
, saeedish1@mums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (8933 Views)

  

  

  Saeidi Nejat SH * 1 (MD, MPH), Okhravi N2 (MD, MPH), Chahipour M2 (BSc), Ghonche H2 (BSc), Fathalizade S2 (BSc)

 

  1 Heallth and Management Department, School of Health,  Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

  2 Mashad’s No. 2 Health Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

 

  Received: 18 Jun 2010, Accepted: 25 Dec 2010

 

 

  Abstract

 

  Introduction: Home safety plays an important role in community health, especially when it comes to children and elderly. This study aimed to determine the role of residential area in home safety.

  Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 459 houses in the central area and outskirt of Mashhad were chosen based on cluster sampling. Home safety was assessed using the safety questionnaire of the national plan for prevention of domestic accidents. The questionnaire assesses five parts which are kitchen, bedrooms, bathroom, balcony and roof, and the staircase. The overall home safety score and scores of its five sections were calculated according to the questionnaire guide. Demographic factors including gender, marital status, occupation, number of household and educational level were also recorded.

  Results: The two groups of houses had different safety scores in rooms and bathroom sections, in addition their external safety scores (balconies, courtyards, rooftops and parking) was different (p<0.001). Among the demographic factors, gender and education of the head of the household played an important role, i.e. the female gender and education level of less than high school diploma were associated with decreased home safety in both central and outskirt regions the decrease was more significant in the outskirts.

  Conclusion: Safety of houses is affected by the region. Therefore, monitoring constructions especially in outskirts is essential. Strengthening foundations that support women headed households and increasing the level of public information can play an important role in promoting home safety.

 

  Key words: Safety Home Safety Community Safety Urban Population

  Hakim Research Journal 2011 13(4): 234- 240.

 



  * Corresponding Author: No 18, University St, Department of Health and Management, School of Public Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashad, Iran. Tel: +98- 915- 5154238, Email: saeedish1@mums.ac.ir

Full-Text [PDF 141 kb]   (1252 Downloads)    

Received: 2011/03/9
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Saeidi Nejat SH, Okhravi N, Chahipour M, Ghonche H, Fathalizade S. The Role of Residential Area in House Safety in Mashhad Urban Area in 2009 . Hakim Health Sys Res . 2011; 13 (4) :234-240
URL: http://hakim.hbi.ir/article-1-728-en.html


Volume 13, Issue 4 (1-2011) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پژوهش حکیم Hakim Research Journal
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.1 seconds with 29 queries by YEKTAWEB 3933