Sareshtedari M 1 (MD) , Shahamat H 1 (MD) , Sadeghi T 2 * (MSc)
1 Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
2 Department of Pediatrics, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Received: 22 Jan 2011, Accepted: 23 Jun 2011
Introduction: Regarding the importance of measurements to reduce neonatal mortality rate, this study aimed to assess the causes of neonatal mortality and its related factors in two hospitals in Qazvin.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study in which the medical files of the NICUs of Ghods and Kosar hospitals in Qazvin were assessed during April to September 2010. Data were assessed according to some related factors including gender, gestational age, birth weight, APGAR score, mothers’ age, neonatal age, cause of death, maternal past medical history, and complications of pregnancy and delivery.
Results: From 2 25 admissions, 50 deaths occurred during the study (neonatal mortality rate: 22.2%). The causes of mortality were respiratory distress syndrome (26%), sepsis and its complication (DIC) (40%), asphyxia (16%), congenital heart disease (14%), and other causes (4%). It was also revealed that the causes of death in low birth weight neonates were similar to those of premature neonates. There were significant relationships between death rate and gestational age, birth weight, APGAR score, age at the time of death, and complications of pregnancy.
Conclusion: The most common causes of mortality were respiratory distress syndrome and sepsis. Prevention of preterm labor is recommended to reduce premature births, its related complications and consequently, neonatal mortality rate.
Key words: n eonatal mortality, RDS, sepsis
Please cite this article as follows:
Sareshtedari M, Shahamat H, Sadeghi T. Causes and Related Factors of Neonatal Mortality in Qazvin NICU, 2010. Hakim Research Journal 2012 14(4): 227- 232.
* Corresponding Author: School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tohid square, Tehran, Iran. Tel: +98- 21- 66937120,
Fax: +98- 21- 66904252, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org